Iranian attacks on Gulf oil infrastructure escalate amid rising tension with US

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Debka File

Second attack on Gulf oil: Iranian Drones drop explosives on two Saudi oil pumping stations

“Two pumping stations on a major Saudi East-West oil pipeline were attacked by drones on Tuesday, May 14, Saudi Energy Minister Khalid Al Falih stated, two days after two Saudi oil tankers were sabotaged outside Fujairah port in UAE Golf of Oman waters. This attack had drawn no international response after 48 hours. The minister called the attack by drones carrying explosives an act of terrorism that targeted global oil supplies. The two pumping stations belong to Saudi Aramco, forcing the state oil company to suspend operations to assess what Falih described as “limited damage.” The stations are situated in the Saudi cities of Afif and Dawadmi and are linked to a pipeline transporting oil from the eastern oilfields to the Red Sea port of Yanbu.

Earlier, a television station owned by Yemen’s Iranian-backed Houthi insurgents claimed drone attacks on Saudi installations, without identifying the targets or time of the attacks.

The UAE has identified the four vessels sabotaged on Sunday as a very large crude carrier (VLCC) tanker Amjad and crude tanker Al Marzoqah, both owned by the Saudi shipping firm Bahri. The other two were the UAE-flagged fuel bunker barge A. Michel and the Norwegian-registered oil products tanker MT Andrew Victory. An unnamed US official said Tuesday that an initial assessment suggested that Iran was behind this attack, but there was no evidence of this as yet.

DEBKAfile adds: The second attack on essential Gulf oil infrastructure on the heels of the first took place in the absence of an international response to the sabotage of four oil tankers outside Fujairah port on Sunday. US officials even tried to play the event down. While the first attack, which was more of a warning than seriously damaging, was carried out by Iran’s elite Al Qods special forces, the second was claimed by Yemeni Houthis. Last December, these Yemeni insurgents used an explosive drone supplied by Iran to bomb a government parade and kill a large number of pro-Saudi officers and men. Then, military experts warned that this new Iranian device, after proving its worth as a precise weapon in Yemen, was ready for use against other Iranian targets, including US forces in the region and Israel.

Both targets, the new Fujairah pipeline project and the Saudi East-West pipeline, were designed to bypass the Strait of Hormuz which is controlled by Iran. Tehran’s two attacks this week were both in response to US sanctions on its oil experts and a demonstration of its many resources for causing damage to the Gulf’s entire energy industry and disrupting all its export routes to international markets.

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An analysis of the sabotage of the Saudi oil vessels near the Strait of Hormuz indicates the method and base from which the Iranian commando forces apparently operated

IntelliTimes

The Intelli Times blog analyzed the attack area of ​​oil vessels near the port of Fujairah, near the Straits of Hormuz, according to timetables, maritime traffic, the nature of the sabotage and the geographical location of the neighboring Iranian naval bases.

The blog estimates that a special force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards naval commando stationed at the naval base at Bandar Jasak carried out the operation because of its relative proximity and through a quiet arrival that allowed the linkage of “sabotage leeches” in the rear and sub-sections of the four oil tankers Which prevented them but without casualties or severe environmental damage. All the ships were spotted by the Iranians from dozens of other merchant ships anchored several kilometers from the port, indicating that the Iranian operation required preliminary intelligence gathering and surveillance.

The distance between the nearby Iranian naval base at Bandar Jask and the area of ​​the incident is about 140 kilometers, and it is possible that the force that carried out the sabotage was also assisted by an Iranian merchant vessel that was converted as a “mother ship” for the mission alongside speedboats that led the divers with the bomb- A ship surveillance app was used to identify Iranian merchant ships and identified at least three merchant ships that had passed relatively close to the scene of the attack and could have been used as a “mother ship” by Iranian commando forces or other supported forces arriving from one of the base ports The Iranian Navy or the Red Sea.

The naval base in Jask is known as the base for the naval commando forces and the UAV, and the Iranian Navy and the Iranian Revolutionary Guards are also deployed in the Yemeni arena. One of the Iranian ships known as “Saviz” has been anchored since 2016 off the coast of Yemen and serves as a logistic base for speedboats and suicide bombers of the Iranian naval commando operated by remote control against Saudi vessels and beach facilities.

In the framework of the investigation, an updated satellite image of the Iranian naval commando base on the island of Abu Musa, located at the center of the Hormuz producers, was also monitored. The monitoring did not identify the deployment of new vessels or means.